Originally published in Spanish by the EZLN for the Other Campaign
Translated by irlandesa
[Given the length of the narratives, I’m going to be translating and posting them in 10 to 15 page increments – irl]
Narrative of the Plenary Session of the Other Campaign [Part 1]
September 17 and 18, 2005, Caracol of La Garrucha
1. Concerning the ratification, broadening or modification of the features of the Other Campaign as proposed in the Sixth Declaration.
2. Concerning the definition of who is being convened and who is not.
3. Concerning the organizational structure of the Other Campaign.
4. Concerning the special place of differences in the Other Campaign: indigenous, women, other loves, young people, children and others.
5. Concerning the Other Campaign’s position vis-à-vis other organizational efforts (Promotora, Frentote, National Dialogues).
6. Concerning immediate national political/general organizational tasks (dissemination and information).
7. Concerning what is missing.
The EZLN is announcing that it will be holding bilateral meetings throughout the month of October with all those member organizations, persons and groups who wish to disseminate the Other Campaign. I am asking them to note those bilateral meetings through Revista Rebeldía.
The EZLN is proposing that there be political, artistic and cultural events throughout the country in memory of our dead, political prisoners and disappeared on October 29, 30 and 31, as well as on November 1 and 2. It is also being proposed that a large event be held in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas. The EZLN is proposing that the month of November be for dissemination, and that an event or several events be held in December for the Other Campaign.
Present for the EZLN are Comandantas Rosalinda, Kelly, Yolanda, Gabino, Gustavo, Omar, Zebedeo, Tacho, David, Hortensia, Miriam and Lieutenant Colonel Moisés. Comandantas Hortensia and Miriam will be in charge of recognizing speakers. Comandantes Zebedeo, David and Tacho will be in charge of monitoring the time for members of the audience so they don’t run over their five minutes.
AN INITIAL DISCUSSION TOOK PLACE CONCERNING TASKS
1. POS: We propose that there be immediate tasks and that a package be prepared of different kinds of tasks. That a distinction be made for some national political tasks. That the point be divided in two: national political tasks and the rest of the tasks. If this is what we do, that this point take place prior to the definition. Before that point. And that afterwards the Other [Campaign’s] position vis-à-vis the Promotora, the Frentote and the rest.
THE DIVISION OF IMMEDIATE TASKS INTO TWO PARTS WAS APPROVED
2. Comité de Lucha José Martí [José Martí Committee of Struggle]: proposes that general or global projects be presented and the discussion not be about small details, but rather involve large proposals which are to be voted on at a general level. That each organization present global proposals.
3. Mariana, of the SCLC, proposes devoting a specific space for gender, ethnicity, but not just a special place, instead that these issues be addressed within each point in order to ensure that these points are discussed in each issue. How to build a “we” which includes a space against discrimination at all different levels.
Whether differences should be addressed in all the points or if they should be handled in a special manner was put to a vote.
If they should be addressed in all the points:
247 in favor
If they should be handled in a different manner:
419 in favor
It stands as it is.
4. Armando Martínez Verdugo: As a first point, the national political situation. It is not possible for us to begin seeing the characteristics of the Other if we don’t clearly define what the challenges are which must be confronted. We should first discuss the political situation here in Mexico.
THE PROPOSAL WAS NOT APPROVED.
5. Jesús Franco, DF: Concerning the proposal by the compañera concerning differences in each point, that two very specific points be included. If it remains as one point, you run the risk that it would be nothing more than a general statement, and we won’t all discuss it. Everyone understanding the national political situation. That what we understand within the Other concerning other excluded sectors be very precise and that it guide the discussion a bit.
6. Angélica, from Un Puente a La Esperanza [A Bridge to Hope]: This campaign is an opportunity and a political space for reinforcing the autonomous projects of the indigenous communities. They exist in Xochimilco and Zirahuén. That it serve to build ties, networks and to strengthen the autonomías. That we can begin to build and to provide new ways of doing politics that are more than just words.
7. A compañera: First of all, we’re missing the contents: what kind of opposition are we going to engage in against the political parties.
8. A compañero: We support what the compañera said. It’s not necessary to travel all over the country, but rather an economic self-management effort. Creating the brigades. That they deal with it in all the tasks.
9. María Elena, of the FZ: That the agenda stay the same, because it’s part of the identity of number five [fifth Agenda point, see above]. They are organizational and structural proposals. That the fifth stays as it is, and then the tasks, the how-to.
The discussion concerning the agenda begins:
FIRST POINT. Concerning the ratification, broadening and modification of the features of the Other Campaign as proposed in the Sixth Declaration.
The list of speakers is opened.
1. Coordinadora Anarquista Feminista [Anarchist Feminist Coordinating Group]
As to the first point, where the features of the Other Campaign have to be defined, the Coordinadora proposes that it be civil, peaceful, national and in solidarity with resistance struggles throughout the world. That it be anti-capitalist. We are proposing that the Other Campaign be of the left, but an anti-hierarchical and antiauthoritarian left. A left which tries to change relationships.
2. Jesús Franco, DF:
Proposing that listening is emphasized in the Other Campaign, we have to turn around all the propaganda from the political parties, where they conceal the country’s problems, and, like Subcomandante Marcos said, turn the country on its head. All of us are ready here to make a statement, to take a position and to debate, but it seems like we’re not ready to listen to other people’s proposals. And so I’m proposing that what we really stress in the first parts of the Other Campaign is linking ourselves with diverse organizations, NGOs of various types that work in different places, not just sector organizations or political organizations. We have to work a lot with human rights compañeros, so we can find out and see the real conditions in the country, in order to build a national program of struggle.
3. Francisco, of POS
Mentioned that one of the activities is to hold an international encuentro, which is very important because the movement has to be linked with struggles in the world. But the Sexta posits that the encuentro be convened against neoliberalism and for humanity. This statement is ambiguous, and that is why it would be appropriate to specify that it should be convened on the same basis as that of the Sixth Declaration. Concern that the international encuentro would be a copy of the world forums which have demonstrated their limitations. Da Silva attended some of them, and that is why it has to be clear from the beginning. There has to be correlation between the national and the international encuentros. The national even has to go further. Proposes that it be clearly defined as anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist at the national and international levels.
4. Alejandro Varas Orozco (UNIOS)
We want to strengthen one of the criteria used in the Sexta regarding the kind of political and social movement that the Other Campaign will be. It seems to me, after yesterday’s speech by the Comandancia, that many compañeros and compañeras might have the feeling that it is an anti-establishment campaign against the presidential campaigns which have already, in fact, begun and to which the Mexican political regime has given 13 billion pesos. As the name says, this Other Campaign basically seeks to position itself, as Marcos defined it, below and to the left. That is why it seems to me today that we have to strengthen the issue that it is a political and social movement in defense of those who are struggling, of those who are victims of this neoliberal system, of this savage capitalism. In this regard, definitions are fundamental. It is not an election campaign, but it is national, and it speaks well of you that you are calling on us to build another country. A country where we will be able to change the direction of the economy in favor of the workers. We have to go out now and organize the trip which is being planned and begin the work of the Other Campaign in favor of the Social Security workers, in defense of sovereignty. Solidarity with other peoples is fundamental. I join in with it.
5. Andrés, from CLETA
Regarding the Other Campaign’s decisions, it would be good to respond as to how we are going to transform the social relationships of domination and exploitation in community relations. Political, social and cultural mediations must be found in order to create a fabric and networks of collaboration. While at the same time creating a permanent space for theoretical discussion, from below – micro-politics it’s called – in order to create new relationships in the political sphere, which will clarify and allow us to discuss the direction, the path.
6. Emiliano Thibaut
Invitation to be precise in the presentations. It is necessary to define this new project as being of the left, anti-capitalist and not Stalinist. His argument is that Stalinism has been a burden which has destroyed wonderful programs. Capital and the US government are also guilty, but something which weighs on the left, like a tumor, is Stalinism. I propose that the huge image of Stalin which is hanging in the auditorium be taken down, because he is was guilty of genocide.
7. Marcos, ONPP
I would like to talk about the Sexta. All of us meeting here are supporting the Sexta because it provides us with a fundamental point of agreement. But the Sexta has to present the specific theme of re-founding the nation in perspective. We need a concrete nation proposal. What we will present in response to the great national issues. This is what is going to allow us to build a popular unity. The building of popular unity has to do with the unity of resistances, not just of the people who like to make speeches to us, instead linked with the process of resistance which is going on in other places. All forms of resistance. The Other cannot be an election campaign. It is for re-founding the nation, in order to build national dialogue, in order to posit that Mexico can recover its libertarian traditions and create a new program, not just for the country but for the world. To fill those words – which sound so pleasant to everyone, like anti-capitalism – with meaning. We have to explain what anti-capitalism is so we don’t end up delivering slogans. This is one of the risks we face. We have to be the people, Lucio Cabañas said. We have to merge with the people. The Sexta is a good starting point, but we need the First to come from all of us gathered together here, because the Sexta does not meet all the needs of all of us meeting here. This is just the first step.
8. La Guillotina
We would like to insist on the Sixth Declaration and the Other Campaign work from a territorial and municipal manner, in order, by sectors, to discuss the problems. Experience has been gained, we believe that the experience of the zapatista consulta of 1999 must be revisited, which called on already structured organizations and which set the political class aside. We are proposing an assembly and a horizontal method of work.
We should also work on very precise and defined initiatives, in a territorial and horizontal way, so we structured organizations can make way for new forms of popular organizations and in that way not repeat the faults and errors of the political class.
9. Nuria Fernández, of No en Nuestro Nombre [Not in Our Name]
What should be included in the Other Campaign is the definition of what we want and what we don’t want. What we don’t want is for it to be an inverted mirror of the official campaigns, even if it’s just criticism. If we limit ourselves to what they say, we are limiting ourselves to a very impoverished world. It’s necessary to start thinking about the Other Campaign like a blank slate. The blackboard and the chalk make up our experiences, but we need new ideas. If we impose old ideas, and we don’t create new things, we’re not going to create an Other Campaign nor another world. What limits us is thinking like a Nation State. The Other Campaign says we have to think about humanity and against neoliberalism. Those who have died in Iraq, more than three thousand persons, and in other parts of the world, demonstrate what is happening outside. A central point of the Other Campaign is to be tied to world struggles and not to be restricted to Mexico, because if we do that then we will be their mirror. What is happening here will not be over on July 6. In order to achieve it we have to begin thinking about the world in an open manner, with new ways of doing politics. I am struck by the fact that when voting here, one of the things zapatismo has taught us is to seek consensus. Or why we don’t shout for people to sit down or be quiet, they haven’t taught us that. The affection we have as brothers will be reflected in what we are building as the Other Campaign. I’m proposing that we should add stating No to the War as a central point, since it’s not just a problem for those outside, but also for those inside, for us.
10. Arnoldo Borjas, Mexicanos sin Fronteras [Mexicans Without Borders]
Compañeros: We are grateful first for this humble but sincere effort at rescuing our nation and the values for which we are fighting: Dignity, liberty, justice, democracy, equality and progress. We salute rebellion.
We, the absent children of the Mexican Patria consider our struggle for our rights as Mexican migrants to be, first, a struggle for Mexico.
We consider our struggle from abroad for a just, free and democratic patria to be legitimate. As our right to fight against those who attack our country and our Mexican brothers is legitimate.
We believe that we cannot conceive of our nation’s past, present and future without us.
We will leave our first contribution to the campaign in summary form in these points:
- That the bi-national nature of the Other Campaign be recognized since it will be able to count on the participation of Mexicans residing abroad.
- That we are offering the Other Campaign our collaboration, our office which is located in Washington, DC (capital of the United States) and our resources in order to carry out and coordinate these efforts with persons and organizations who decide to participate in the Other Campaign from abroad.
- That we are leaving our invitation to the Comandancia of the EZLN, and to everyone participating in the Other Campaign, open to visit us.
- That the Other Campaign promote the autonomous organization of Mexicans residing abroad.
- That the Other Campaign adopts our proposal to create a national migrant congress for the purpose of achieving real representation for Mexicans abroad.
- That we refuse to recognize the Mexican government and any employee or official as our legitimate representatives: We can never accept as our representatives those who deny us our rights and who are directly responsible for our circumstances.
- That we will not accept anyone negotiating in our name and our circumstances with any other nation’s government.
- That the Other Campaign adopts our demand for a constitutional reform of the general population law of the Mexican Constitution which guarantees full respect for the rights of migrants, which guarantees security and respect for human and civil rights on the Mexican borders, and which limits and guides the sovereignty of the Mexican migration policy, currently subordinated to the interests of the United States.
- That we Mexicans residing abroad are guaranteed our constitutional rights in full, the same as all Mexicans in Mexico.
- That the right not to migrate be recognized within the constitutional rights.
- That our economic contribution through remittances should not be used for profit-making ends, participating in speculative projects, nor charitable, nor to promote the exploitation of Mexicans, but rather to help autonomous community projects of a sustainable nature which dignify the lives of our families.
- That the discussion of the Other Campaign’s issues be done in public forums.
11. Luis Miranda Reséndiz, PPS
We should look at the possibility of building a great alliance that would liberate Mexico from imperialism in order to win our second independence and to establish democracy. We are going to present how we can link everyone’s efforts in the great Campaign that’s being proposed. We are open, we should be flexible and listen to all the proposals. We have to control the effort suitably and stress what the EZLN stated: an alliance of parties of the left conjoined together in a broad front. And this demands respect for the autonomy and independence of the organizations and resisting the temptation to put ourselves in the lead. We should act with humility, respect differences and put the emphasis on areas of agreement.
Definition that we are for a different society with justice, democracy and liberty.
State definitively that there is no possibility today for change via the electoral route, because all the parties are neoliberal, and they are at the service of capital.
Create a broad and inclusive social block, of different classes and social sectors, capable of conquering neoliberalism.
Take back up the experience of the fronts which already exist (Frente, Promotora, National Dialogue).
That space should include the demands of every social class and each sector, and, above all, avoid being sectarian.
12. Manuel Fernández Guasti
Proposes including that the Sexta should be an initiative of direct participation. This is what is talking place at this plenary: all of us are participating and deciding. Don’t delegate the important questions to representatives and have them decide for us. This kind of direct participation must be implemented inside and outside, that is, inside our process as well as in fighting for it to take place in various government and power decision making bodies. In those areas where autonomías are not viable, direct participation must be implemented as its counterpart, through mechanisms such as plebiscites, referendums, popular initiatives and recall. If the branches of the union aren’t wanted or are incapable, plebiscites!
13. La Neta Amorfa
First of all I would like to offer a reflection, because we are being invited to reflect on the Declaration and the Other Campaign regarding its civil and pacific nature. But first I believe we have to demonstrate that we are capable of behaving with civility and peacefully amongst ourselves. If we do not do things with love, it will be difficult to achieve the results we’re seeking. In this regard, with your permission: Regarding the points of the Other Campaign as being civil, peaceful and national, we in the SLP so ratify, and we are now stating, on the other hand, that as we have been carrying out local struggles, that now we are moving from the general to the particular. That we carry the struggle from the general to the particular. Concerning dissemination and propaganda, we are offering in the SLP, in the valley of Tangamanga and Cerro de San Pedro, that the persons who are going to be addressing that work are already implementing it. That everyone come with a specific program about what is going to be taking place further along instead of coming to talk about the theoretical. That we pass from the theoretical to the practical.
14. Neftalí Miranda, of the FZLN
After attending, with delegates, the preparation meeting for the Other Campaign held with the EZLN and political organizations of the left, and with observers at all the other preparation meetings, the FZLN ratifies its support of the Sixth Declaration of the Selva Lacandona, as well as its unconditional participation in all the work and political accords which are collectively reached in the building of the Other Campaign.
15. José Antonio Almazán
He is a retiree from the Electricians Union. Proposes that the rejection of structural reforms be stressed, that they support the rejection of the privatization of oil and electricity, that they come out against the privatization of education; reject fiscal reform, in defense of sovereignty, the patria and for union democracy, for the autonomy and political independence of workers of the countryside and the city.
16. Édgard Sánchez
In addition to what we have to say here, we are circulating our statement on some points. In summary, concerning the nature of the Other: it is not another election campaign, it is not engaging in the system’s rules of the game, but it is an alternative campaign. Some people have expressed the proper concern that it not be contrarian or “anti”, defined in terms of the others. This is correct, but it’s clear that what we are committing ourselves to is an alternative campaign alongside the context of parties and political system. As the PRT, we made a proposal which we circulated prior to the Sexta, an alternative campaign to the official system, critical of it, with an unregistered candidate. At one of the preparation meetings which was held with political organizations, we presented the proposal that it be Antonio Almazán. But we want to tell you that for us that is secondary. What is important is agreeing that the Other Campaign is a social force and a political alternative. Moises said that the compañero who would be going out first will be the Subcomandante. We believe that it is better represented with the figure of Marcos himself. We withdraw this unregistered candidacy from discussion. The proposal presented last night strongly symbolizes the alternative of a political and social force of the anti-capitalist left, which is what we want to construct.
17. Alejandro Cerezo, Promotora Por La Unidad Nacional Contra el Neoliberalismo
How we understand and propose the Other Campaign to be: We agree with the need to listen. To listen and to be listened to. To listen to the other and to listen to each other, among ourselves. We are all going to speak, and we are all going to listen to each other. It has to do with listening in order to analyze the social actors, the struggles and the local resistances. It has to do with listening in order to identify local, regional and sector agendas. It is about listening in order to identify the national agenda of all the social movements. That is what it is about, a great dialogue of those of below, in order to build, as part of the process, the National Program of Struggle. Listening and dialogue, accepting proposals and the recovery of popular experiences. In that regard, the organizations and members of the Promotora will contribute the Non-Negotiable Minimum Program and Statement of Querétaro. In addition to listening, the Other Campaign is a magnificent opportunity for making visible, for nourishing and strengthening local and sector resistances, for coordinating them, in dialogue and in action, in order to connect local struggles with the great mobilizations that are national in nature. In that way, that same process of listening and engaging in dialogue should resolve how the resistances will be coordinated. Listening and engaging in dialogue with all sectors in struggle also creates the necessity for supporting and accompanying the different struggles and demands. Because of that, the Other Campaign should also be understood as a campaign of mobilization, mobilization of ideas and popular mobilization in the streets. In summary, we understand, and propose, the Other Campaign to be a combination of efforts directed towards listening, to creating dialogue between those of below, to connecting struggles and unifying resistance, to strengthening the mobilization against neoliberalism, to demanding the resolution of the demands of the peoples and organizations, to building a national program of struggle, and to defining the route for achieving a New Constitution. Thank you for your attention.
18. Liga de Unidad Socialista [League for Socialist Unity]
The situation in the country is difficult, because the workers who filled the streets in 2003 and in 2004 reached a dead-end, because the union machine took the movement to a pact with this country’s institutions, with the government of the bourgeoisie. Organizations against structural reforms can only work against the country’s institutions, they cannot be work within institutions. A collection of forces promoted the struggles to create another country, where the workers could change the relations of forces in order to solve the problems. The problems of these movements still exist. An example of this is the 20 plants which are being closed, the country’s petrochemical plants which are being sabotaged. The compañeros from the IMSS are proposing the struggle against privatization. In their new program, in Guanajuato, on the 24th, at a meeting of oil owners, they called on activists against the privatization of water and other struggles to seek forms of organization. They linked their struggle with the Other Campaign in order to seek solutions and new social relationships.
19. Compañero Sergio, from Tlaxcala
We cannot reduce the Other Campaign to one campaign by the EZLN in two time periods throughout the country, where they travel to our places of origin, where they go there and then comes the forgetting and desolation. We need to build the popular power of those of below. We should understand it as a permanent campaign of agitation, of dissemination, a campaign whose starting point is the complex of struggles or fights which are going to be coming over the next weeks and months. From that concrete fight that frees our compañeros so a political fight can spring up. We need a strategy of dialogue, the social construction of that political program, in order to build the democratic and popular part. That will have to be the nature of the social transformation we’re all looking for. A program which presents what the necessary conditions are for re-founding the nation. We should try to emphasize the fundamental points that will make possible the construction or reconstruction of the free and popular patria. Not just the recovery of our energy sources, but the development of our autonomías in the full exercise of our territoriality as the central focus of the campaign. A program centered around these points is fundamental for confronting the oligarchy.
That the campaign be summarized in three great slogans:
1) Raise the resistance, occupy all the territories.
2) Develop control from those of below and eliminate all forms of the neoliberal oligarchy’s control.
3) During this first stage, it’s absolutely necessary to form not the committees of the Sexta, but popular committees for the transformation of the country.
20. Aurelio Ángel Villanueva, of the Rumbo Proletario collective [Proletarian Direction]
This is the first time we’ve been here, and we are here in order to contribute to the work which the compañeros of the EZLN have presented us. We do not want to be more zapatista than them. We came, humbly, in order to build. It seems to us that the Other Campaign is not just about going out through the national territory and saying that we’re making the Other Campaign. No, what is fundamental is building a new Mexican society. We are in agreement with the discussion points, but we are presenting other propositions:
That the Other Campaign should build a mobilizing, progressive and inclusive project for the construction of a new democratic form.
That we not only carry out actions in the national territory, but also study how the people who aren’t here are participating, those millions who don’t have the opportunity to travel. The Other Campaign should be inclusive and purposeful.
It’s necessary for all sectors to say what demands they’re fighting for and for which programs we should all be fighting.
21. Ángel Librado Cruz, from the Reflexión en La Acción collective [Reflection in Action]
Proposes that we should make up an historic block through a system of new alliances and of various currents against neoliberalism. Proposes that the new historic block replace the hegemonic block which currently exists. This is necessary because that’s the only way the system can be overthrown.
22. Gabriela Arteaga, from the Reflection in Action collective
Also in the name of the Reflection in Action collective. We believe we are experiencing an historic moment. At this moment we are building, and we’re going to continue doing so. The Other Campaign should take on the space for outlining the revolutionary direction which is going to include the forces which are present here and those which could not accompany us. We’re fed up with the evil system which keeps us in poverty. We want to overthrow it. We are going to study it. We’re building. This, the revolutionary direction, is a guarantee for popular victory. Either the evil capitalist project is consolidated or space is given for the inclusive and democratic project in which all of us are going to put all our efforts so the peoples’ demands can be met. We are at the moment where the necessary conditions are in place for building the guarantees for our victory.
We propose the following five points:
1) Building a popular movement.
2) That the project includes all of us.
3) Defining the spaces that are identified for the struggle.
5) This, which we’ve already seen here: the revolutionary direction.
Let’s keep joining in, compañeros. There’s room for everyone. Those who are here and those who aren’t.
23. José Antonio Yáñez, from the Reflection in Action collective
We believe that the Other Campaign is an opportunity for all of us to see, in practice, what we really are, if we are really democratic and inclusive. In addition to being peaceful and civil, the Other Campaign should be radical, even though this doesn’t necessarily mean carrying out extreme acts. If we call ourselves inclusive and democratic, but we’re not able to present proposals and projects, we run the risk of excluding or being excluded. Insofar as the Other Campaign is radical, it should address the root problems in order to establish a new model of social relationships. In order for the Other Campaign to not be just about dissemination, or propagandizing and the lifting of spirits, it has to be oriented towards real social change. We believe that, as we achieve the ability for analysis and understanding, we will be able to build a program of struggle which is not just anti-establishment. Specifically, if we want this Other Campaign to be different from the one the parties are carrying out, it should go to the fundamental and stress that we are different in practice.
Armando (from the same collective) (The assembly protested and asked him to sit down. He apologized in the name of his collective. He said he hadn’t intended to monopolize the time. He withdrew without speaking.)
24. Julio Muñoz Rubio
UNAM Professor, Faculty of Sciences. There is a risk that this campaign will be a campaign strictly tied to the political. This would be a mistake, because it would lead to limiting the campaign to just one part of the problems of the world, of the country and of the left. I am therefore proposing that the campaign be cultural in nature, which should not be confused with the artistic, because the cultural is much broader. We have the wrong idea about what capitalism is, because it’s thought to be a strictly economic system with political consequences. That is false. Capitalism dominates all aspects of life, in philosophy, the arts, the natural and social sciences, technology. Capitalism is an entire world vision. It is true that it’s a fragmentary, partial and limited conception of the world, but, at the end of the day, it is a vision which must be confronted by another world vision, another global vision, but one which is coherent and integrated. If this campaign doesn’t emphasize all this, it’s going to fall short, because it’s not going to be able to provide an answer for the totality of the forms of domination and of capitalist oppression: the classic capitalist oppression against wage earners, but also the domination and oppression of human beings against nature (including the mistreatment of animals), that of the adult or “mature” against children or adolescents, the heterosexual and monogamous against all other forms of sexuality and affective relations, of the “healthy” against the sick; the “whites” against other populations (not races), all of society against the indigenous cultures, and the urban countercultures being dominated in the arena of ideas, scientific theories and pseudo-scientists who justify all these oppressions. The Other Campaign should question capitalism’s ethical, epistemological and ontological values, especially in Mexico. Their esthetic bosses, their words in the political world and in the media, their dehumanizing, vulgar hedonism contained in various kinds of entertainment. Finally, the Other Campaign should emphasize the way capitalism has inserted in our minds the authoritarian values and principles of its conduct in order to convert us into reproducers of those values in all arenas of daily life. The campaign should, therefore, be “counter-hegemonic”, understanding hegemony as a world vision. That is why the struggle should be against capitalism and for the building of another vision. I am proposing that the Other Campaign declare itself to be “contra-hegemonic.”
25. David Domínguez
What I’m bringing are some proposals for broadening the campaign in the sense of security, because we’re all exposed to dangers by the State’s apparatus of repression. That we should, among ourselves, form self-help groups in order to protect each other. If anything were to happen to anyone, they would be recovered immediately. Also that we would have martial arts classes in order to defend ourselves. They are questions of security. If we don’t think the State has really swinish apparatuses of repression, this isn’t going to grow, and it’s going to fail from the beginning. It’s a proposal I have.
26. Mauricio Villegas
I think this could turn into an act of self-deception if we don’t understand the spirit of the Other Campaign. We say we’re anti-capitalist, but how many products have we decided not to buy from the big companies? We keep on buying, consuming. If we don’t sabotage things, like Gandhi did, we’ll be left with just very general positions. If Marcos and the EZLN want to direct this great movement, we have to sabotage the products of the big companies, promote fair trade in the communities. If we don’t do it, we’re going to come up short, we won’t get anywhere.
27. Alejandro Cruz, of the OIDHO
He belongs to Indian Organizations for Human Rights in Oaxaca. A question came up at a meeting with his peoples: How should this meeting be dealt with? After discussing it, they concluded they had to listen to other thoughts. How to respond to ideological confrontation, and how can it be resolved? The solution would be to have more to do with the practical, organizing without going so much into the ideological. Placing more emphasis on how to engage in the practical before theorizing. He is willing to share his experiences in struggle against repression. That is why his concrete proposal is to create unity. They are worried because many compañeros are going to come to the meetings, but accords have to be created. We have to change the way of doing politics, create processes of accord and unity. He cited: “A cause doesn’t triumph because of its justice, but because of the strength and work of its followers.”
[Translator’s note: You will see the voice move between first and third person, which is how these narratives were compiled: the nature of taking minutes – irl]